Analyzing subsurface drain network performance in an agricultural monitoring site with a three-dimensional hydrological model

← Takaisin
Tekijä Nousiainen, R.; Warsta, L.; Turunen, M.; Huitu, H.; Koivusalo, H.; Pesonen, L.
Sarja Journal of Hydrology
Päivämäärä 2015
Avainsanat Clay soil Subsurface drain, FLUSH model, Subsurface drain performance, Water balance
Rahoitus MTT, Maa- ja vesitekniikan tuki ry, Salaojituksen Tukisäätiö, MMM, Sven Hallinin tutkimussäätiö, Suomen Akatemia
Sivut ss. 82 - 93
Volyymi 529, part 1
Kieli englanti
Saatavuus Analyzing subsurface drain network performance in an agricultural monitoring site with a three-dimensional hydrological model

Effectiveness of a subsurface drainage system decreases with time, leading to a need to restore the drainage efficiency by installing new drain pipes in problem areas. The drainage performance of the resulting system varies spatially and complicates runoff and nutrient load generation within the fields. We presented a method to estimate the drainage performance of a heterogeneous subsurface drainage system by simulating the area with the three-dimensional hydrological FLUSH model. A GIS analysis was used to delineate the surface runoff contributing area in the field. We applied the method to reproduce the water balance and to investigate the effectiveness of a subsurface drainage network of a clayey field located in southern Finland. The subsurface drainage system was originally installed in the area in 1971 and the drainage efficiency was improved in 1995 and 2005 by installing new drains. FLUSH was calibrated against total runoff and drain discharge data from 2010 to 2011 and validated against total runoff in 2012. The model supported quantification of runoff fractions via the three installed drainage networks. Model realisations were produced to investigate the extent of the runoff contributing areas and the effect of the drainage parameters on subsurface drain discharge. The analysis showed that better model performance was achieved when the efficiency of the oldest drainage network (installed in 1971) was decreased. Our analysis method can reveal the drainage system performance but not the reason for the deterioration of the drainage performance. Tillage layer runoff from the field was originally computed by subtracting drain discharge from the total runoff. The drains installed in 1995 bypass the measurement system, which renders the tillage layer runoff calculation procedure invalid after 1995. Therefore, this article suggests use of a local correction coefficient based on the simulations for further research utilizing data from the study area.