Subsurface Drainage Modeling← Takaisin
|Tekijä||Waller, P.; Yitayew, M.|
|Sarja||Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. Springer, Cham.|
|DOI/ISBN-numero||978-3-319-05698-2 (print), 978-3-319-05699-9 (online)|
|Avainsanat||Economics, Hooghoudt equation, Streamtube model, subsurface drains, Transient drainage, Yield reduction|
|Saatavuus||Subsurface Drainage Modeling|
The original subsurface drainage model is the Hooghoudt equation, which is a one-dimensional steady-state simplification of the two-dimensional transient flow to parallel drains. It calculates the midpoint water table elevation between drains. Bower and van Schilfegaarde modified the Hooghoudt equation for transient analysis. The Bureau of Reclamation also developed drainage equations for transient analysis of midpoint water table elevation. Kirkham developed a Laplace analytic solution for the two-dimensional subsurface drainage geometry. He also adapted this solution for transient analysis with the concept of fixed streamtubes along the path of water flow. The advantage of this approach is that water table height can be simulated as a function of distance from the drain rather than just the midpoint water table elevation. The Kirkham streamtube approach is used in the WINDS drainage model, which enables WINDS to model water, salinity, and nitrogen in the soil profile as a function of distance from the drain. The chapter also includes an example of the economic analysis of drain spacing and depth.