Flow velocity retardation and sediment retention in two constructed wetland–ponds← Takaisin
|Avainsanat||agricultural watersheds, constructed wetlands, Flow patterns, hydraulic efficiency, Hydrodynamic modeling, Sediment retention|
|Volyymi||Vol 19, Issue 5|
|Saatavuus||Flow velocity retardation and sediment retention in two constructed wetland–ponds|
Hydraulic properties of two constructed wetland–ponds in agricultural watersheds in southern Finland were examined by simulations with two-dimensional hydrodynamic and water quality transport models. Hydraulic efficiency was determined for the existing and hypothetical layouts of both wetlands to find out the effects of different design options. Suspended sediments retention in the wetlands was simulated with a two-dimensional model for sediment transport. Hydraulic efficiency was found to be highly improved by bafflesthat direct the main flow to optimally exploit the wetland acreage. Also, an elongated shape of wetland appeared beneficial; hydraulic efficiency was high regardless of the size or position of the inlet. As for suspended sediment retention, the wetland area in relation to its watershed proved to be an essential factor. According to water quality observations, the wetland which occupied 5% of its watershed area was capable of reducing the inflow of total suspended solids (TSS) concentrations during flood events by 43–72%, whereas the reduction varied between −7 and 5% in the other wetland with a corresponding ratio of 0.5%. Model simulations of the same flood events plausibly predicted the output TSS concentrations, even though with wider ranges of the reductions (26 to 74 and −13 to 43%, respectively).