Environmentally preferable two-stage drainage channels: considerations for cohesive sediments and conveyance

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Tekijä Västilä, K.; Järvelä, J.
Sarja International Journal of River Basin Management
DOI/ISBN-numero 10.1080/15715124.2011.572888
Päivämäärä 2011
Avainsanat cohesive sediment, Drainage channels, flood conveyance, hysteresis, suspended sediment
Rahoitus Suomen Akatemia, Maa- ja vesitekniikan tuki ry, Maa- ja metsätalousministeriö
Organisaatio Aalto-yliopisto, Insinööritieteiden korkeakoulu, Vesi- ja ympäristötekniikka
Sivut s. 171-180
Volyymi Vol 9, Issue 3-4
Kieli englanti

Design of environmentally preferable agricultural drainage channels calls for an improved understanding of cohesive sediment processes. Flow and cohesive sediments were investigated in a new demonstration and test channel where a floodplain was excavated on one side of the existing channel to improve flood conveyance. In this approach, the existing, naturally recovered channel was mostly left intact to reduce environmental impacts. Continuous monitoring of discharge and suspended sediment concentration (SSC) during 1 year revealed that the construction work of the two-stage channel caused 2% of the annual suspended sediment (SS) load. Agricultural areas covering 13% of the catchment were estimated to contribute over half of the annual SS, predominantly during the rising stages. Seasonal positive hysteresis was found in SSC which was explained by different drainage efficiencies of two distinct sediment sources. The temporally varying shares of the two sources caused scatter in the rating curves between discharge and SSC or SS load. Out-of-channel processes were shown to govern the amount and timing of the SS input into the channel, indicating that environmentally preferable agricultural channel design should consider the cohesive sediment processes and sources at the catchment scale.